ocp_logo Step By Step Instructions on Installing Oracle 9iR2 Clusterware Software ( 32-bit on  RedHat AS 3 x86 (RHEL3) / CentOS 3 x86
By Bhavin Hingu

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This document explains the step by step process of installing Oracle 9iR2 ( Clusterware Software using OUI.

  Installing Oracle 9iR2 ( Clusterware Software:

Task List:

Shutdown any running Oracle Processes
Running OUI (oracle Universal Installer) to install 9iR2 Clusterware
Verify Cluster Manager Configuration.
Applying Cluster manager Patchset.
Modifying Cluster Manager files.
Starting Cluster Manager On All the Nodes.

Shut down any running Oracle processes:

If you are installing Oracle Clusterware on a node that already has a single-instance Oracle Database 9i installation, then stop the
existing instances. After Oracle Clusterware is installed, start up the instances again.

You can upgrade some or all nodes of an existing Cluster Ready Services installation. For example, if you have a six-node cluster, then
you can upgrade two nodes each in three upgrading sessions.Base the number of nodes that you upgrade in each session on the load the
remaining nodes can handle. This is called a "rolling upgrade."

Creating QuorumFile:

I have used OCFS partition /dev/sda2 (mounted on /u02/oradata/ocfs) to store database files as well as Quorum File. So I have created Quorum
File under this mount point. As this is shared by all the nodes in the cluster, it is created ONLY from one node.

[oracle@node1-pub oracle]$ cat > /u02/oradata/ocfs/QuorumFile
[oracle@node1-pub oracle]$ ls /u02/oradata/ocfs/QuorumFile
[oracle@node1-pub oracle]$

Running OUI (Oracle Universal Installer) to install Oracle Clusterware:

Complete the following steps to install Oracle Clusterware on your cluster.

You need to run the runInstaller from ONLY one node (any single node in the cluster).

Start the runInstaller command as oracle user from any one node When OUI displays the Welcome page, click Next

Xlib: connection to ":0.0" refused by server
Xlib: No protocol specified
Can't connect to X11 window server using ':0.0' as the value of the DISPLAY variable.

If you get the above error, please execute the below command as root and then start the runInstaller by connecting as oracle.

[root@node1-pub root]# xhost +
access control disabled, clients can connect from any host
[root@node1-pub root]# su - oracle

If you get the below error, then apply the below patch to fix this.

[oracle@node1-pub oracle]$ /mnt/cdrom/runInstaller
[oracle@node1-pub oracle]$ Initializing Java Virtual Machine from /tmp/OraInstall2005-12-16_02-19-25AM/jre/bin/java. Please wait...
Error occurred during initialization of VM
Unable to load native library: /tmp/OraInstall2005-12-16_02-19-25AM/jre/lib/i386/libjava.so: symbol __libc_wait, version GLIBC_2.0 not defined in file libc.so.6 with link time reference

Download patch p3006854_9204_LINUX.zip from metalink and apply it as shown below.

[root@node1-pub root]# unzip /tmp/p3006854_9204_LINUX.zip
Archive:  /tmp/p3006854_9204_LINUX.zip
   creating: 3006854/
  inflating: 3006854/rhel3_pre_install.sh
  inflating: 3006854/README.txt
[root@node1-pub root]# cd 300*
[root@node1-pub 3006854]# sh rhel3_pre_install.sh
Applying patch...
Ensuring permissions are correctly set...
Patch successfully applied
[root@node1-pub 3006854]#
cp /etc/libcwait.so /lib/libcwait.so

          [oracle@node1-pub oracle]$ /mnt/cdrom/runInstaller




Select Oracle Cluster Manager and CLICK Next


Enter public Node names (node1-pub, node2-pub) and then CLICK Next


Enter Private Node names (node1-prv, node2-prv) and then CLICK Next


Leave the Default value as it is and then CLICK Next. Anyhow, we are not going to use
Wathdog. You will see in the next section, I have configured Cluster Manager to use
hangcheck-timer module instead of watchdog.


Enter the Quorum file as we created in the previous section and then Click Next.


CLICK Install



CLICK Exit        

Verifying Cluster Manager Configuration:
At this point make sure that the clusterware is configured correctly on all the nodes by verifying the contents of the $ORACLE_HOME/oracm/admin/cmcfg.ora file. It should be looked like below. This file MUST contain all the public and private node names. If
any of the nodes is missing, then you do not have completed the network configuration correctly as memtioned in pre-Installation task. Also it
MUST assign private hostname of the node to the HostName variable.


Applying Cluster Manager Patchset:

Unzip the patchfile..

[root@node1-pub root]# ls
[root@node1-pub root]# unzip p3095277_9204_LINUX.zip

Optionally, you can write it on the CD.

[root@node1-pub root]# mkisofs -r 3095277 | cdrecord -v dev=1,1,0 speed=20 -

Insert the newly burn cd into the cdrom and Start the runInstaller as oracle like below. If you have not copied this file on the
disk, then you can start the runInstaller from the directory where you have unzipped this file.

[oracle@node1-pub oracle]$ ls /mnt/cdrom
install  oraparam.ini  rr_moved  runInstaller  stage
[oracle@node1-pub oracle]$ /mnt/cdrom/runInstaller

Follow the instructions and enter the appropriate values. You will see most of the time the same screens as the
ones we saw during installing Clusterware.




CLICK Install



Click Exit
Modifying Cluster Manager Files:
Once you upgrade Cluster Manager to, you do not require watchdog daemon any more. Instead you can make use of
hangcheck-timer module that comes with Linux kernel by default. In the Pre-Installation task, I have configured the hangcheck-timer
module. So We need to let Cluster Manager know that it has to use hangcheck-timer over watchdog. So update the cmcfg.ora,
ocmargs.ora and ocmstart.sh file and remove/comment out watchdog related entries ON BOTH THE NODES.


the MissCount to 300. It must be  >=  hangcheck_tick + hangcheck_timer.
Remove the entries of WatchdogSafetyMargin and WatchdogTimerMargin
Add KernelModuleName=hangcheck-timer
The Modified file look like this:

[oracle@node1-pub oracle]$ cat $ORACLE_HOME/oracm/admin/cmcfg.ora
ClusterName=Oracle Cluster Manager, version 9i
PrivateNodeNames=node1-prv node2-prv
PublicNodeNames=node1-pub node2-pub


Comment Out the watchdog entry from this file.

[oracle@node1-pub oracle]$ cat $ORACLE_HOME/oracm/admin/ocmargs.ora
# Sample configuration file $ORACLE_HOME/oracm/admin/ocmargs.ora
norestart 1800

Comment out the lines in blue from this file.
# watchdogd's default log file
# watchdogd's default backup file
# Get arguments
#watchdogd_args=`grep '^watchdogd' $OCMARGS_FILE |\
#  sed -e 's+^watchdogd *++'`
# Check watchdogd's existance
#if watchdogd status | grep 'Watchdog daemon active' >/dev/null
#  echo 'ocmstart.sh: Error: watchdogd is already running'
#  exit 1
# Update the timestamp to prevent too frequent startup
# Backup the old watchdogd log
# Startup watchdogd
#echo watchdogd $watchdogd_args
#watchdogd $watchdogd_args

Starting Cluster Manager on all the Nodes:

You need to start the Cluster Manager as root. So conect as root and execute the below command from ALL THE NODES.

[root@node1-pub root]# source /home/oracle/.bash_profile
[root@node1-pub root]#  sh $ORACLE_HOME/oracm/bin/ocmstart.sh
oracm </dev/null 2>&1 >/u01/app/oracle/product/9.2.0/oracm/log/cm.out &
[root@node1-pub root]#  ps -ef | grep oracm
root      9894     1  0 02:08 pts/0    00:00:00 oracm
root      9895  9894  0 02:08 pts/0    00:00:00 oracm
root      9897  9895  0 02:08 pts/0    00:00:00 oracm
root      9898  9895  0 02:08 pts/0    00:00:00 oracm
root      9899  9895  0 02:08 pts/0    00:00:00 oracm
root      9900  9895  0 02:08 pts/0    00:00:00 oracm
root      9901  9895  0 02:08 pts/0    00:00:00 oracm
root      9902  9895  0 02:08 pts/0    00:00:00 oracm
root      9903  9895  0 02:08 pts/0    00:00:00 oracm
root      9931  9895  0 02:08 pts/0    00:00:00 oracm
root     11936  2567  0 02:23 pts/0    00:00:00 grep oracm

I have seen that after some time the Cluster Manager dies itself on all the nodes. To over come this issue, You need
to zero out some of the blocks of QuorumFile as shown below. I got this solution from Puschitz.com. Thank you Puschitz.

[root@node1-pub root]# su - oracle
[oracle@node1-pub oracle]$ dd if=/dev/zero of=/u02/oradata/ocfs/QuorumFile bs=4096 count=200
200+0 records in
200+0 records out
[oracle@node1-pub oracle]$ exit

[root@node1-pub root]# $ORACLE_HOME/oracm/bin/ocmstart.sh
ocmstart.sh: Error: Restart is too frequent
ocmstart.sh: Info:  Check the system configuration and fix the problem.
ocmstart.sh: Info:  After you fixed the problem, remove the timestamp file
ocmstart.sh: Info:  "/u01/app/oracle/product/9.2.0/oracm/log/ocmstart.ts"

If you get the above error, then remove the timestamp file and then start the CM.

[root@node2-pub root]# rm /u01/app/oracle/product/9.2.0/oracm/log/ocmstart.ts
rm: remove regular empty file `/u01/app/oracle/product/9.2.0/oracm/log/ocmstart.ts'? y
[root@node2-pub root]# $ORACLE_HOME/oracm/bin/ocmstart.sh
oracm </dev/null 2>&1 >/u01/app/oracle/product/9.2.0/oracm/log/cm.out &
[root@node2-pub root]#

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